Wednesday, February 21, 2018

AmericaGen Chapter 3: Where Did Joseph Horton Live Before Moving to Knox County?

Reference: Greenwood, Val D. “Surveying, Analyzing, and Planning.” In The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 4th ed., 57-78. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 2017.

I was not introduced to the concept of formal research plans until I was in a ProGen Study Group. Although the author mentions the ProGen approach is different, we still followed the same steps of setting a goal, identifying what we already know, conducting a preliminary search, and identifying sources to search.  The main difference is our plan was written in a more formal style, as we were learning to write on a more professional level.

For my ProGen assignment, I focused on Joseph Horton, who I discussed in the Chapter 2 homework.  (You may be tired of hearing about my Horton clan before long, but that's who I have spent all of my research and writing time on for the last nine months!) Writing out the formal research plan helped me focus on specific documents to search. The first part of the plan, listing my research goal, background information, and known facts:

Goal: Determine where Joseph Horton lived before he moved to Knox (later Roane) County, Tennessee

Background: Joseph Horton died testate in Roane County, Tennessee in 1813. Based on the year one of his daughters married (1800), Joseph was likely born before 1765 in some place other than eastern Tennessee. Based on migration patterns into East Tennessee, it is possible that Joseph lived in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia or in western North Carolina prior to coming to Knox County. Determining where he lived before he came to Tennessee may help me identify his parents, wife’s maiden name, and other relatives.

Known facts:

  • Signed petition in Knox County in 1799
  • Listed as a resident of Roane County in 1802
  • Died testate about 1813
  • Named following heirs in his will:
o   Mary Horton, wife
o   James, youngest son
o   Joseph, son of James
o   Hannah Terry, daughter
o   John Horton, son
o   Polly Gladden, daughter
o   Nancy Cooner, daughter
o   Heirs of William Horton, son
o   Sally Coulter, daughter
o   Rebecca Burk, daughter (m. Robert Burke, 1802, Roane County)
o   Peggy Breshear, daughter (m. Bazil Brashear, 1800, Knox County)
o   Phebe Walker, daughter (m. William Walker, 1802, Roane County)

Alternate Spellings: Hortin, Whorton, Whortin

The sources I want to search are then listed in a table with columns for what, why and where.

Without replicating the table, I’ll hit some of the highlights that relate to this chapter:

  • Because Roane County was formed from Knox County in 1801, and a Joseph Horton signed the petition to create Roane County, my research plan needs to include relevant sources from Knox County.
  • Knowing that the 1830 census is the earliest surviving census for Knox and Roane Counties helped me focus my search on other relevant records from the time Joseph was in East Tennessee.
  • Deed records, Knox County: Joseph owned land in Roane County, but the deed from when he purchased the land was not filed in Roane County. It’s quite possible he purchased the land when it was still part of Knox County.
  • Deeds, Greene and Hawkins County: Parent counties of Knox. To be considered if no deeds for Joseph Horton are found in Knox County.
  • 1850 and 1860 census, Roane and Knox County: Search for Joseph’s children to get approximate birth years and place(s).
  • Hamilton District Superior Court included both Knox and Roane Counties during its existence from 1793-1809. These court records need to be searched for any Hortons and related surnames. A searchable index is available at

The research plan is an “organic” document, meaning it is revised as I go along. As I look at each record, I record the results in the research plan. (I’m terrible at keeping a research log, so this serves that purpose, as well as documents why I wanted to look at a particular record set).  I also update the plan if new evidence suggests new jurisdictions or documents to consider.

I’ve found that creating and following a research plan is extremely helpful, especially with thorny research problems that are not easily solved.  I’ve used the planning techniques I learned in ProGen on several other complex problems, and although the questions haven’t been fully answered yet, I am making progress.

Monday, February 19, 2018

AmericaGen Chapter 2: Sally Colter

Reference: Greenwood, Val D. “Language, Terminology, and Important Issues.” In The Researcher’s Guide to American Genealogy, 4th ed., 29-56. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 2017.

Several years ago, I traced my Horton line back to Joseph Horton, who died in Roane County, Tennessee between the time he wrote his will on 29 June 1812 and April 1813, when an inventory of his estate was filed [1].  Other documents suggested he lived in the area of Knox County that became Roane County in 1803, but finding anything about him before that timeframe was difficult.  Given the area’s history, I knew it was unlikely that he was born in Tennessee, but discovering where he lived before coming to Tennessee was a source of never-ending frustration for several years. 

In his will, Joseph named the following heirs:

Mary Horton, wife
James, youngest son
Joseph, son of James
Hannah Terry, daughter
John Horton, son
Polly Gladden, daughter
Nancy Cooner, daughter
Heirs of William Horton, son
Sally Coulter, daughter
Rebecca Burk, daughter
Peggy Breshear, daughter
Phebe Walker, daughter

The will and inventory do not name his daughters’ husbands, and no other estate records survive. In an attempt to research the family, and hoping to establish a FAN club, I searched Tennessee records for each of the children.  I easily found marriage records for Rebecca and Peggy, both of whom married in East Tennessee, but I had trouble locating marriage records for the other children, including his sons.

I finally had a breakthrough when research led me to believe a man named John Colter, who lived in East Tennessee in the 1790’s, was a possible associate of Joseph Horton.  Aha! Could this man be a relative of the Colter that Sally Horton had married? Vertical files at the McClung Library in Knoxville suggested that John Colter came from North Carolina.  Armed with that first name, I began searching for marriage records in North Carolina, and found a marriage bond filed in Lincoln County on 22 Oct 1789 for John Colter and Sarah Horton.[2]  

Marriage Bond for John Colter and Sarah Horton, 1789

Since Sally was often a nickname for Sarah, I knew this was not conflicting evidence and continued my research on John Colter.   I found him on the 1790 census of Lincoln County, and one of his neighbors is Joseph Horton![3]

Joseph Horton and John Colter, 1790 Census for Lincoln County, North Carolina

 Of course, more evidence is needed to prove that the Sarah Horton that married John Colter in Lincoln County, North Carolina is the same Sally Horton Colter mentioned 33 years later in a will in East Tennessee, but these records give me a place to start.  If I had not known that Sally is a nickname for Sarah, I could have easily dismissed the marriage record as irrelevant and spent another couple of years frustrated that I couldn’t break this brick wall.

[1] Historical Records Project, “Estate Books, 1802-1842, Roane County, Tennessee,” pages 25-26, entry for Joseph Horton; digital images, “Tennessee, Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008,” Ancestry ( : accessed 18 February 2018).

[2] "North Carolina, County Marriages, 1762-1979," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 22 December 2016), Lincoln > Marriage bonds, 1779-1868, vol C-D > image 485 of 968.

[3] 1790 U.S. census, Lincoln County, North Carolina, 4th Company, p. 111, col. 2; digital images, Ancestry ( : accessed 18 February 2018), image 2 of 11, citing FHL film 0568147.